WASHINGTON (June 2, 2016) – WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), founder of the 96 Elephants campaign, applauded the Obama Administration’s announcement of a near-total ban on the interstate trade in ivory. The final revision for of the 4(d) rule of the Endangered Species Act for African elephants allows for exceptions for items containing de minimis amounts of ivory and documented antiques.

华盛顿(201662日)--- 国际野生生物保护学会(Wildlife Conservation Society简称WCS)作为“96头大象活动的创办者,为奥巴马政府宣布象牙贸易禁令喝彩,这一禁令几乎全面实现了州与州之间的象牙禁贸。美国濒危物种法案中最新的4(d)条款中(Endangered Species Act for African elephants)仅允许两项例外的存在:一是极其微小的象牙装饰品,二是具有法律证明文件的古董。

The following statement was released by Cristián Samper, WCS President and CEO and a member of the U.S. President’s Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking:

以下声明来自Cristián SamperWCS的总裁兼首席执行官,“打击野生动植物贸易·总统特别委员会”(the U.S. President’s Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking)的成员之一。

“The world knows that the very survival of elephants is imperiled by the ivory trade.


“The USA is shutting down the bloody ivory market that is wiping out Africa’s elephants. The USA is boldly saying to ivory poachers: You are officially out of business.


“Today, the Obama Administration followed through on a promise, called for by African heads of state at the Clinton Global Initiative, and more recently by the Elephant Protection Initiative, and made by the president himself in Kenya in 2013, to do what we can in the United States to confront this threat to African elephants by banning ivory.

今天,奥巴马政府通过颁布象牙禁令,致力于解除非洲象面临的危机。奥巴马政府响应了 “克林顿全球倡议”(Clinton Global Initiative)中非洲国家元首提出的倡议,实现了近期“非洲象保护倡议”(Elephant Protection Initiative),兑现了总统于2013年在肯尼亚做出的承诺。

“This US ban on ivory sales, along with the commitment of a ban in China and several African nations, shows how two influential nations can join together to ensure a future for wild elephants. If these actions of the US and China are repeated by all nations, we could reverse the decline of elephants.


“Illegal ivory hides behind ‘legal’ ivory, and the US is one of the largest markets for ivory in the world. Our scientists have found conclusive evidence that the only way to save elephants is to ban ivory sales. This is a wonderful day for those who care about saving this amazing species.


“Between 2010 and 2012, 100,000 elephants were illegally killed for their ivory across the African continent—an average of 96 elephants per day or one every 15 minutes. And, between 2002 and 2013, central Africa’s forest elephant population declined by two-thirds, with heavy poaching continuing to this day. At this rate, forest elephants could be extinct in the wild within a decade.

2010年至2012年间,非洲大陆上的100,000头大象由于象牙被非法杀害,平均每天有96头大象被杀,即平均每15分钟有一头大象消失。在2002年至2013年间,非洲中部的森林象数量下降了三分之二, 猖獗的盗猎至今还在发生。照这个速度,只需要10年的时间,森林象便会在野外灭绝。

“WCS has continually brought attention to the plight of African elephants, through the awareness-raising 96 Elephants campaign; advocacy for state ivory bans in New York, New Jersey, California and others; and its role in the Times Square ivory crush in 2015. 


“The US ivory ban is a key component of the US National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking and stopping the criminal syndicates who traffic in ivory. The American people have spoken loudly on this issue, based on the hundreds of thousands of letters sent to the US Congress through the 96 Elephants campaign as well as the 1.3 million comments submitted on this proposed rule, that this should be a priority for our federal government.


“Several African countries and the US have presented draft resolutions for consideration at the 2016 meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (Convention on International Trade and Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) which call on all nations to close their domestic ivory markets. With this final rule, the US is well placed to work with African governments to see those resolutions adopted.

很多非洲国家和美国共同努力,在2016CITES (濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约)成员国大会上递交了决议草案,一致叫停各国国内的象牙贸易。今天美国的象牙禁令,很好地落实了与非洲各国政府的一致决议。

“WCS applauds this action by the US government and stands ready to continue educating the US public about the plight of the world’s elephants through campaign engagement, our field and policy conservation work across the globe, and in our zoos.


“Actions like today spark hope that we can re-write the story of species facing multiple threats. We have many examples of how our concerted actions can lead to better news for threatened wildlife.


“In Tanzania’s Tarangire ecosystem, for one example,  WCS has been studying the elephant population for over 20 years. Here WCS has worked with communities to protect elephant dispersal areas and migration corridors, hired community game scouts to patrol outside the park and provided anti-poaching vehicles. For many years the population of elephants in Tarangire NP has been among the fastest growing in Africa, a testament to how elephants can increase when provided with good protection.  


“As we celebrate today’s announcement, we must never forget that we must stop the killing, stop the trafficking and stop the demand.”