A first-of-its-kind report assessing the current field of conservation technology and various tools’ ability to diagnose, understand and address the most critical environmental challenges of our time finds three emerging technologies have particularly promising trajectories to advance conservation over the next ten years.

Artificial intelligence, specifically machine learning and computer vision, environmental DNA (eDNA) and genomics, and networked sensors are named the top three emerging conservation technologies in A Global Community-Sourced Assessment of the State of Conservation Technology, published today in Conservation Biology. 

The report, led by WILDLABS and Colorado State University and supported by their NGO partners, including WCS,  and tech sector leaders Microsoft and Arm, surveyed 248 conservationists and technologists across 37 countries using the WILDLABS.NET platform, asking them to rate 11 widely used tools for their capacity to advance conservation. More than 90 percent of respondents rated each of the top three emerging technologies as ‘very helpful’ or ‘game changers.’ Although these three technologies ranked among the lowest when it came to current overall performance, their promising trajectories show their substantial room for and likelihood of further development, potentially making them areas ripe for investment and exploration.

The three technologies represent new frontiers in wildlife conservation, at a time when protecting and restoring the natural world has never been more important or urgent.

Artificial intelligence is increasingly being used in the field to analyse information collected by wildlife conservationists, from camera trap and satellite images to audio recordings. AI can learn how to identify which photos out of thousands contain rare species; or pinpoint an animal call out of hours of field recordings - hugely reducing the manual labour required to collect vital conservation data. 

Environmental DNA (eDNA), meanwhile, is being used by pioneering conservationists to collect a wealth of biodiversity data quickly and easily, simply by scanning samples of water or soil. Traces of animal DNA can reveal the presence of previously unobserved species in a local area. A few small samples can contain the DNA of dozens of species and give a detailed snapshot of an ecosystem quickly and efficiently, data that can be used to make the case for greater protections for an area. 

Finally, networked sensors allow camera traps, acoustic recorders, tracking devices and other conservation hardware to connect online, forming a comprehensive picture of animal movements and behaviour, becoming the ‘eyes and ears’ of conservationists and local communities, enabling monitoring, tracking and instant alerts about imminent threats. 

Respondents also identified which tools are already meeting expectations in the field. The tools with the highest overall performance ratings were GIS and remote sensing, drones, and mobile apps, with more than 70 percent of respondents rating them ‘good’ or ‘very good.’

Despite technology’s progress, systemic challenges across the conservation sector inhibit the development and adoption of promising conservation technologies. Respondents identified unsustainable financing, lack of coordination across efforts and inadequate capacity building as the top three challenges encountered when developing and adopting conservation technology.

Importantly, a range of financial and technical barriers were found to disproportionately affect women and individuals in developing countries, highlighting the need to evaluate and address the potential exclusion of critical conservation stakeholders in this rapidly developing field.

  • Respondents from countries with developing economies were more than four times as likely to report being constrained by technology costs and access to financial support for technology development
  • Female respondents were also nearly four times as likely to report challenges securing financial support for technology development, and more than twice as likely to report being constrained by insufficient technical skills for technology adoption

Despite these challenges, the majority of respondents said conservation technology is becoming increasingly accessible, tools are evolving quickly and the culture is becoming more collaborative. More than half of respondents said they feel more optimistic about the future of conservation technology than they did 12 months ago.

With artificial intelligence, genetics, and sensors already revolutionizing many of the world’s largest business sectors, this study makes clear the tremendous opportunity to invest in harnessing their potential for conservation. However, it is also clear that advancing the field of conservation technology will require more than investing in promising tools.

According to input from the study’s focus groups with nearly 50 leading experts, overcoming these systemic challenges to achieve scalable impact calls for a dramatic shift in approach, from a patchwork landscape of one-off projects competing for limited resources to an internationally coordinated organizational ecosystem with innovative funding mechanisms to back it.

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Publication: https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13871 

Web report: https://wildlabs.net/state-of-conservation-technology 

Community-sourced media repository - images/videos available for use showing projects and technology in action from our conservation technology community, please follow credit information in column G: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1tFY2NxGlx5okCPgm_JJHatST5l3LMHHXWJtVBb9rZRo/edit?usp=sharing 


WILDLABS is the central hub for conservation technology online, connecting 5,000+ conservationists, researchers, field biologists, engineers, developers, makers, and conservation technology experts from around the world. Our rapidly developing research program harnesses rich insights from this global community to inform effective technology development and capacity building, break down barriers, and empower technologists and conservationists alike to transform the conservation landscape. With collaboration and innovation at the heart of our work, WILDLABS is the launching pad for meeting conservation’s biggest challenges with conservation technology’s boldest solutions. Visit www.wildlabs.net to learn more about our community, and follow us on Twitter @WILDLABSNET.

About Conservation International

Conservation International works to protect the critical benefits that nature provides to people. Through science, partnerships and fieldwork, Conservation International is driving innovation and investments in nature-based solutions to the climate crisis, supporting protections for critical habitats, and fostering economic development that is grounded in the conservation of nature. Conservation International works in 30 countries around the world, empowering societies at all levels to create a cleaner, healthier and more sustainable planet. Follow Conservation International's work on Conservation News, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube

About Fauna & Flora International

FFI protects threatened species and ecosystems worldwide, choosing solutions that are sustainable, based on sound science and that enhance human well-being. Operating in more than 40 countries worldwide, FFI saves species from extinction and habitats from destruction, while improving the livelihoods of local people. Founded in 1903, FFI is the world’s longest established international wildlife conservation organisation and a registered charity. Follow: @FaunaFloraInt Visit: www.fauna-flora.org

About Wildlife Conservation Society

WCS saves wildlife and wild places worldwide through science, conservation action, education, and inspiring people to value nature. To achieve our mission, WCS, based at the Bronx Zoo, harnesses the power of its Global Conservation Program in nearly 60 nations and in all the world’s oceans and its five wildlife parks in New York City, visited by 4 million people annually. WCS combines its expertise in the field, zoos, and aquarium to achieve its conservation mission. Visit: wcs.org. Follow: @TheWCS. For more information: +1 (347) 840-1242.

About World Wildlife Fund

WWF is one of the world’s leading conservation organizations, working for 60 years in nearly 100 countries to help people and nature thrive. With the support of 1.3 million members in the United States and more than 5 million members worldwide, WWF is dedicated to delivering science-based solutions to preserve the diversity and abundance of life on Earth, halt the degradation of the environment, and combat the climate crisis. Visit worldwildlife.org to learn more; follow @WWFNews on Twitter to keep up with the latest conservation news; and sign up for our newsletter and news alerts here

About Zoological Society of London

ZSL is an international conservation charity working to create a world where wildlife thrives. From investigating the health threats facing animals to helping people and wildlife live alongside each other, ZSL is committed to bringing wildlife back from the brink of extinction. Our work is realised through our ground-breaking science, our field conservation around the world and engaging millions of people through our two zoos, ZSL London Zoo and ZSL Whipsnade Zoo. For more information, visit www.zsl.org.  


Quotes from WILDLABS partners

Conservation International

 “There is a lot of untapped technological innovation potential in conservation compared to what we see in nearly every other industry. Conservation has room for growth,” said Eric Fegraus, Senior Director of Conservation Technology at Conservation International and WILDLABS Steering Committee Chair. “This WILDLABS study provides more evidence that collectively, the global conservation community has an exciting opportunity to quadruple down on its drive to build new technologies and to adopt existing technologies that have the potential to improve conservation outcomes for nature and the people who rely on it.”

-- Eric Fegraus, Senior Director of Conservation Technology, Conservation International 

Fauna & Flora International:

“Protecting and restoring nature is the most pressing task facing humanity this century – and this WILDLABS research is further evidence of the huge contribution that technology has to play. Innovations in areas like DNA sequencing and artificial intelligence are allowing us to understand the natural world and conserve wildlife in new, more efficient and often more effective ways, safeguarding species from extinction. 

“But the research finds that the full potential of these technologies is yet to be met. At COP26, the Glasgow Climate Pact recognised the huge role that nature protection can play in mitigating climate change and reversing biodiversity loss. Now we need governments, philanthropists and the private sector – including the tech giants – to put their weight behind the technological revolution in conservation.”

-- Marianne Carter, Director of Conservation Capacity & Leadership at Fauna & Flora International (FFI)

Wildlife Conservation Society

“Continued conservation success depends on blending emerging technologies with proven solutions. More importantly we need these tools to be accessible to government agencies with limited resources and marginalized communities who are often on the front lines of saving wildlife and wild places. This report should serve as a mandate to invest in adapting these latest technological tools so that they are available to the conservation communities that would benefit from them the most.”

-- Jonathan Palmer, Executive Director of Conservation Technology, WCS

World Wildlife Fund:

“This timely research, for the first time, puts data behind what many working in conservation technology know all too well to be true. While the promise of technology to support conservation and sustainability efforts has never been greater, lack of funding, capacity and coordination continue to hamper progress. The COVID-19 pandemic and recent UN IPCC climate change report demonstrate in stark terms that humanity’s relationship with nature is broken. Conservation technology has a critical role to play to help avoid future pandemics and the worst consequences of climate change. To maximize impact, there needs to be an order (or two) magnitude increase in sustainable funding to help develop, deploy and scale conservation technology solutions such as machine learning, eDNA, and networked sensors across a wide swath of conservation and development challenges.”

-- Colby Loucks, Vice President for Wildlife Conservation, WWF-US

Zoological Society of London:

“Technologies like machine learning, acoustic sensors, and satellite remote sensing have the potential to revolutionise conservation, increasing people’s capacity to gather valuable data about their interactions with nature, at ever greater scales and efficiency. This information is vital to understanding how we can reverse biodiversity declines.

“In some respects, technology is already delivering on that promise, but fundamental issues, like accessibility of training and support, and the high costs of tech, mean that it is often out of reach to many conservationists, particularly those who live in closest proximity with nature.

“This timely report provides critical insights regarding which approaches are delivering, and which need more work, and help us understand where we need to direct our efforts to break down these barriers.”

-- Anthony Dancer, Conservation Monitoring & Technology Lead, ZSL

Colorado State University (academic partner on this work)

"Conservation technologies are an important part of the toolkit we use to understand and protect nature and contribute to the health of the planet. Although not usually in the spotlight as much as wildlife and iconic landscapes, conservation technologies, and the people working with them, help shape the science-backed decisions that conserve the places and species so many of us value. This ‘first of its kind’ research provides critical guidance, identifying where to focus our limited time and financial resources to contribute to impactful and equitable outcomes at a global level."

-- Jennifer Solomon, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Colorado State University, Department of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources